Knight's Canadian Info Collection
Knight's Canadian Info Collection


Quick Fact Sheet

Alberta Arms
Alberta Coat of Arms

Alberta Flag
Alberta Flag

Capital City: Edmonton
Date Entered Confederation: September 1, 1905
Area: 661,190 Sq Km
Population: Click Here for Population Page
Motto: Strong and Free
Known As: Wild Rose Province
Provincial Flower: Wild Rose
Provincial Animal: Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Provincial Bird: Great Horned Owl
Provincial Tree: Lodgepole Pine
Lieutenant Governor: Hon. Selma Lakhani
Premier: Hon. Danielle Smith
Political Party: United Conservative Party
Main Products: Agricultural: Wheat, rapeseed, barley, cattle, hogs, timber.
Manufactured: Food and beverages, petroleum refining, metal fabricating, wood industries, chemicals.
Mined: Crude petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, coal.

The westernmost of Canada's three Prairie provinces, Alberta lies between the 49th and 60th parallels, at virtually the same latitude as the United Kingdom. Alberta is 1,217 km from north to south and between 293 and 650 km in width from west to east. The province is nearly equal in size to the state of Texas.

Roughly half of the southwestern section of the province is dominated by mountains and foothills -- striking reminders of the glaciers that, over millions of years, formed, moved and receded in the area. Peaks of the Rocky Mountains located in Alberta range from 2,130 to 3,747 m in elevation.

The foothills, which form a gentle link between mountain and prairie landscapes, feature heavily forested areas and grasslands used for grazing cattle. Beneath their surface, the foothills contain some of the province's richest deposits of sour gas and coal.

The remainder of the province - approximately 90% of the land area - forms part of the interior plain of North America. The plains include the forested areas that dominate the northern part of the province and the vast stretches of northern muskeg that overlay much of Alberta's oil and gas deposits and oil sands.

Although cold air covers the whole province in winter, it is frequently replaced in the southwest by a mild, warm wind, the "chinook", funnelling through the mountains from the Pacific Ocean.
(Text courtesy Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade)

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