Knight's Canadian Info Collection
Knight's Canadian Info Collection


Yukon Territory
Quick Fact Sheet

Yukon Territory Arms
Yukon Territory Coat of Arms

Yukon Territory Flag
Yukon Territory Flag

Capital City: Whitehorse
Date Entered Confederation: June 13, 1898
Area: 483,450 Sq Km
Population: Click Here for Population Page
Motto: no official motto
Known As: Canada's True North
Territory Flower: Fireweed
Territory Bird: Common Raven
Territory Tree: Sub-Arctic Fir
Commissioner: Hon. Angelique Bernard
Premier: Hon. Sandy Silver
Political Party: Yukon Liberal Party
Main Products: Tourism is significant. Some furs are harvested. Mining is the basis of the economy. Lead, zinc, and copper have been mined, as well as gold. Fluctuation in world metal prices in the late 1970s and early 1980s sharply reduced the Yukon's mining activity, and many mines were shut down.

The Yukon Territory in located in Canada's northwest. The perimeters of this mountainous territory form a rough triangle bordered on the south by British Columbia, on the west by the US state of Alaska and on the east by the Northwest Territory. The northern tip of the triangle meets the chilly waters of the Beaufort Sea. Mount Logan, Canada's highest peak at 6,000 m, is located in southwestern Yukon.

The Yukon can be divided into two broad geographical regions: taiga and tundra. Taiga is the boreal forest belt that circles the world in the subarctic zone, including most of the Yukon. Tundra is the vast, rocky plain in the arctic regions, where the extreme climate has stunted vegetation.

The Yukon has a subarctic climate. The high altitude of much of the territory and the semi-arid climate provide relatively warm summers with temperatures frequently reaching 25C or more during the long summer days. In winter the temperature ranges between +4 and -50C in the south and slightly colder farther north.

Above the Arctic Circle (latitude 66 north ), the Yukon is known as "the land of the midnight sun", because in the three months of summer, sunlight is almost continuous. In winter, however, darkness sets in, and the light of day is not seen for a quarter of the year.
(Text courtesy Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade)

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