Knight's Canadian Info Collection
Knight's Canadian Info Collection


Quick Fact Sheet

Quebec Arms
Quebec Coat of Arms

Quebec Flag
Quebec Flag

Capital City: Quebec City
Date Entered Confederation: July 1, 1867
Area: 1,540,680Sq Km
Population: Click Here for Population Page
Motto: I Remember / Je Me Souviens
Known As: La Belle Province
Provincial Flower: Blue Flag
Provincial Bird: Snowy Owl
Provincial Tree: Yellow Birch
Lieutenant Governor: Hon. Michel Doyon
Premier: Hon. Francois Legault
Political Party: The Coalition Avenir Quebec
Main Products: Agricultural: Tame hay, corn (maize), fodder corn, barley, potatoes, oats, mixed grains, buckwheat, pigs, cattle, poultry and eggs.
Manufactured: Food and beverages, refined petroleum, paper and pulp, primary metals, transportation equipment, chemicals, metal products, clothing and textiles.
Mined: Iron ore, copper, gold, zinc.

Quebec is bordered by Ontario, New Brunswick and Labrador (the mainland portion of the province of Newfoundland) and by the United States. Quebec has an area three times that of France and seven times that of Great Britain, making it the largest of Canada's provinces. The province is almost entirely surrounded by water: by Hudson Strait to the north, the St. Lawrence River and Gulf to the south, and James Bay and Hudson Bay to the west.

From north to south, Quebec takes in three main geographical regions: the Canadian Shield, the St. Lawrence lowlands and the Appalachian Mountains. Extending from the shores of the Canadian Arctic to the Laurentians, the Canadian Shield covers about 60% of the land mass, and is the world's oldest mountain range. Permafrost reigns in the northern part of the Shield; only dwarf birches and lichen are able to grow there.

Nunavik (not to be confused with Nunavut Territory) is Quebec's arctic region. A vast and virgin territory lying north of the 55th parallel it is bordered by Hudson Bay to the west, Hudson Strait to the north and Ungava Bay and Labrador to the east. It is 507,000 km2 of truly wild tundra, taiga forest, scenic mountains, majestic rivers and countless lakes. Its inhabitants are the Inuit, the Naskapi and the Cree.

The St. Lawrence River, the province's dominant geographical feature, links the Atlantic Ocean with the Great Lakes. The St. Lawrence lowlands are dotted with more than a million lakes and rivers. Quebec's forests are equal in area to those of Sweden and Norway combined.

To the south, the foothills of the Appalachians separate Quebec from the United States.

Almost 80% of Quebeckers live in urban centres located along the St. Lawrence. Montreal and its suburbs have a population of about three million people.
(Text courtesy Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade)

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