Knight's Canadian Info Collection
Knight's Canadian Info Collection


New Brunswick
Quick Fact Sheet

New Brunswick Arms
New Brunswick Coat of Arms

New Brunswick Flag
New Brunswick Flag

Capital City: Fredericton
Date Entered Confederation: July 1, 1867
Area: 73,440 Sq Km
Population: Click Here for Population Page
Motto: Hope Restored
Known As: Picture Provnce
Provincial Flower: Purple Violet
Provincial Bird: Blackcapped Chickadee
Provincial Tree: Balsam Fir
Lieutenant Governor: Hon. Brenda Murphy
Premier: Hon. Blaine Higgs
Political Party: Liberal
Main Products: Agricultural: Potatoes, poultry, eggs, milk, pigs, beef cattle, apples, blueberries, strawberries, grain.
Manufacture: Food and beverages, pulp and paper, forestry products, furniture, fabricated metal products, printing and publishing, transportation equipment.
Mined: Antimony, lead, copper, zinc, bismuth, silver, gypsum, gold, peat, quartz, salt, coal, natural gas, petroleum, clay products, cement, lime, sand, gravel, stone, potash.

New Brunswick borders on Nova Scotia, Quebec and the U.S. state of Maine. It is almost rectangular in shape, extending 322 km north to south and 242 km east to west. It is more or less surrounded by water on three sides.

New Brunswick's land mass is 85% forest. The northern part of the province is quite mountainous, the tallest peak being Mount Carleton, 820 m high. The interior consists mainly of a rolling plateau, flatter in the east and more hilly in the southeast.

The main rivers are the Miramichi, Nepisguit, Restigouche and Saint John. Known as "oa-lus-tuk" or "beautiful river" to the Indians. The St. John river waters the fertile lands of the western part of the province over a distance of 725 km. Downstream, in the Madawaska area, it traces a natural boundary between the state of Maine and Canada.

Twice a day, with the rising tide of the Atlantic Ocean, 100 billion tonnes of water stream past a rocky headland in the Bay of Fundy. The current created is practically equal to the flow of all the world's rivers over a 24-hour period.

The eastern end of the Bay of Fundy has tides of nearly 15 m, the highest in the world, sufficient to completely submerge a four-storey building.
(Text courtesy Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade)

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