Knight's Canadian Info Collection
Knight's Canadian Info Collection


Canada's Coins

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Please note: I am NOT a coin dealer nor a collector, so I cannot answers questions about your coins.

NOTE: Coin images are for Educational purposes only and may be larger than the actual coins

Canada's National Flag

Canada's Decimal Coins

The Canadian dollar is divided into 100 cents (like the American dollar).

In Canada $1 and $2 are also represented by coins. They are nicknamed the "Loonie" (because there is a loon on the reverse) and the "Toonie" (for two loonies ?). The $2 coin has a silver-coloured outer rim and a gold-coloured center with a polar bear on the reverse side.

A bust of Queen Elizabeth II appears on the face-side of all Canadian coins.

Note: Coins shown are NOT to scale and are mostly shown in larger than normal size.

Past 160+ Years - The Changing 'Face' on Canadian Coins

Queen Victoria
1858 Young Queen
Queen Victoria
1898 Mature Queen
King Edward VII
King George V
King George VI
Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
2002 Jubilee
Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
2006 - present
Queen Elizabeth II
2007-2010 Olympics

Note: Edward VIII abdicated in December 1936 before any coins beariing his likeness were issued. His profile would have faced to the right

Canada's Silver Dollar Coin

After years of parliamentary wrangling, Canada decided to issue a silver dollar coin in 1935 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the accession of King George V, alas, one year before his death. Interestingly, 1935 was the year that the US decided to discontinue silver dollars. The obverse shows a portrait of the King with the Latin inscription, George V, King Emperor, 25th year of reign. The reverse became the design used for many decades to come, showing a native aboriginal and a Voyageur paddling a birch bark canoe. With a good loupe, you can make out an "HB" engraved on the bundle of cargo in the canoe, standing for the Hudson's Bay Company.
These silver dollars were issued each year, until the 'loonie' was introduced in 1987. These silver dollar coin are impossible to find in circulation, as most silver coins are now in collections.

The Silver Dollar

Canada's Wartime Coins - 1942 to 1945

In 1942, because of the World War, the five cent coin was made with a brass-alloy called "tombac" to conserve nickel. It was made with 12 sides to avoid confusion with the 1 cent coins. The torch and the "V" design on the 1944-1945 coinage was designed to promote the war effort. It had the words "we win when we work willingly" stamped in morse code around the edge. The obverse bears the head of King George VI. It was made mainly of steel due to the demands for copper and zinc during the war. After the war ended, the five cents piece was once again made of nickel and because the 12 sided shape were so popular, it was retained as the design standard.

Tombac Nickel
King George VI
Victory Nickel

The 1951 "Sudbury" Commerative Nickel

In 1951, the Mint struck a coin to commemorate the 200th. anniversary of the discovery and naming of the element NICKEL by Swedish chemist A.F.Cronstedt in 1751. Prior to this date the only two commemorative Canadian coins were one dollar coins. The logical denomination to be used to commemorate the event was the nickel 5-cent coin, as it was the only nickel coin in the Canadian series.
The design pictures a nickel refinery with low buildings flanking a smoke stack in the centre. The inscriptions "NICKEL 1751-1951" are at left and "5 CENTS" at right. At the bottom, there are three maple leaves. The design was the work of Stephen Trenka (ST at the right under the building).

Sudbury Nickel

Current Coins in Circulation

and number of coins in a roll

1 Cent (penny)
50 per roll
Maple Leaf
5 Cents (nickel)
40 per roll
10 Cents (dime)
50 per roll
Schooner Bluenose
25 Cents (quarter)
40 per roll
50 Cents (1/2 dollar)
20 per roll
Coat of Arms
1 Dollar (Loonie)
25 per roll
2 Dollars (Toonie)
25 per roll
Polar Bear

Canada's Special Issue Circulation Coins

A special $2 coin was issued when Nunavut became Canada's newest territory in 1999. This coin is sometimes referred to an a "Noonie" or a "Vootie" (for Nunavut - pronounced "noon-a-voot).

Nunavut 2 Dollars
Inuit Drummer
The Queen

In 1994 a special coin was made to depict the National Cenotaph, which is located in Ottawa, Ontario.
In 1995 Canada's Peacekeepers were honoured with a special issue $1 coin.

Cenotaph dollar
Peacekeeper dollar

Other special $1 coins have been issued and are shown on pages 3 & 4.

In May of 2001, the Mint issued a special commerative silver 10-cent coin to honour volunteers. It was also released to general circulation.

Volunteer 10 cent

Shown many times larger than actual 10-cent coin

Canada's Paper Money

Check out our page featuring Canada's Paper Money.
Click Here

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