Knight and Vaughan Family Tree

Jean-Pierre Forgues and Marie Robineau

Jean-Pierre served as an ordinary soldier in the Regiment Carignan-Salières, sent to Quebec from France by young King Louis XIV in 1665 to surpress the Iroquois uprising that was now destroying the colony of 'New France', after having wiped out all but 1,000 of the friendly Hurons. There were 24 Companies with 1200 soldiers and 80 officers. His Company in the RC-S was La Durantaye, which sailed from France on the ship Brézé (also spelled "Brèse").

The Brézé was a large royal man-of-war of over 800 tons, built about 1663. It had 36 cannons mounted on the lowest deck and it might have had a total of close to 80 cannons. It had sailed from La Rochelle, France in 1664 with the Terron, a slightly smaller man-of-war, via Guadeloupe and the Antilles with the Marquis de Tracy and the four detached companies (Berthier, La Brisardière, La Durantaye and Monteil) to chase the English out of the colonies. After a successful campaign, they sailed to Canada in the spring as planned. After their arrival in June of 1665, the Brézé anchored at Percé on the tip of the Gaspésie peninsula to transboard the troops to two smaller vessels and then ferry them up the Saint Laurence. The Brézé was thought to have too much draft to navigate the channels around Île d'Orléans.

As soon as they debarked, the troops hurried to occupy strategic points along the Richelieu River, the traditional route of the Iroquois when traveling north. A post was established at the mouth of the river, another in the basin of Chambly (Saint-Louis) and a third, three leagues higher (Sainte-Thérèse). With the arrival of the French, the 'warriors of the woods', as they were called, disappeared into the vast forest.

A Trooper of the Regiment Carignan-SalièresThe Regiment arived in the settlement of New France on June 15th and 16th, 1665, much to the delight of the remaining settlers. Their first attempt to put down the Iriquois failed because they were ill-equipped for the harsh winter weather they encountered while trying to locate Iroquois villages. Many hundreds died of exposure in the severe winter of 1665-1666.

In the Autumn of 1666 The Regiment Carignan-Salières set out again and this time they destroyed five Iroquois villages. This campaign eventually resulted in a peace treaty between the Iroquois and the French settlers.

The French King, who desired that this new land be peopled, granted seigoellries, which were large tracts of land, to officers who might wish to stay. Soldiers were given land within the seigneuries, many of them staying with the officers of their units.

Jean-Pierre Forgues was one of the 446 soldiers and officers who decided to remain in New France when the regiment was recalled to France at the end of their three year engagement. His name (and dit name) appear in the Regimental Roll Book list for 1668, the same year the Regiment returned to France. The original list was likely prepared for discharge and accounting purposes, as each soldier who settled in Canada was given a monetary bonus, along with the small parcel of land by the King of France.

He was also known by his dit name, which was Monrougeau (it is believed he was called that because of his "red head", or hair colour).

The settlement in Quebec was soon made a Royal Colony by Louis XIV. It grew to 4,000 inhabitants over the next 3 generations and these settlers became the pioneers of Canada.

This is a painting of the Carignan-Salières regiment
Carignan-Salières regiment

Filles de Roi - Daughters of the King
Following the founding of Quebec and Montreal, colonization began in earnest and hundreds of settlers left their homes in France in order to begin new lives in New France. Many of these were hard-working young men who could withstand the heavy labour of clearing land and building homes. Most of these men were sponsored by merchants in New France who would pay their passage to the New World and support them until they were able to support themselves. Many soldiers also arrived in New France, and, like Jean-Pierre Forgues, at the end of their station, often remained to continue living in the New World.

Although the colonies were growing, they were growing the wrong way. One early census recorded 719 unmarried males and only 45 unmarried females. With so many men and so few women, the colonies could not be self-sufficient and would not grow naturally. For this reason, the colonies often sponsored young women to come to New France with the specific intention of marriage.

Beginning in 1663, King Louis XIV of France began sponsoring young ladies to relocate in New France. The King paid their passage to the colonies and paid for their upkeep in New France until such time that they were married. A dowry of from 50 to 300 livres was also given to each young woman as an added incentive. In the 10 years between 1663 and 1673, over 800 of these women arrived in New France.

The Filles de Roi, or Daughters of the King, were distinguised from the other females who settled in New France by the fact that they were totally sponsored from the Royal Treasury in France. They were carefully selected for their youth, strength, health, attractiveness, and fertility. Many found themselves already 'spoken for' by the time they set foot in New France and were married shortly thereafter and many other marriages were 'arranged' shortly after their arrival.

In 1673, when war broke out between France and Holland, the Filles de Roi campaign came to an end. The final group of Filles de Roi arrived in Quebec on September 3, 1773. However, the success of the campaign is undeniable. Early Census records show that the population of New France increased from 3,200 in 1666 to 6,700 in 1672.

Marie Robineau, a young widow aged about 18 years, was one of les Filles du Roi (Daughters of the King). Marie sailed from ILE-DE-FRANCE on the ship Le Novelle France and arrived on 3rd July 1668 after a horrific 3 month journey aboard ship. It is recorded that she married Jean-Pierre Forgues in Quebec, on 15th October 1668

This is a painting of the arrival of les Filles du Roi in Quebec
les Filles du Roi

Jean-Pierre and Marie had 8 children. Their names and birth information will be found on the Forgues Family Tree page.

These 3 links are for those interested in learning more about the Carignan-Salières Regiment, les Filles du Roi, or the ship Brézé.
Carignan-Salières
Carignan-Salières
les Filles du Roi
les Filles du Roi
the ship Brézé
Ship Model


THE FIRST OFFICIAL NEW FRANCE CENSUS
The census conducted in 1698 Quebec/New France shows the following tallies:

Total population in New France: 13,815 (7,391 males, 6,424 females).

Population in settlements: Batiscan with 422 inhabitants, Beauport with 444, Château-Richer with 373, L'Ancienne-Lorette with 68, L'Ile d'Orléans with 1,472, Longueuil with 223, Montréal with 1,185, Québec with 1,988, Rivière-du-Loup with 22, Sorel with 59, Ste-Anne de Beaupré with 222.

Number of houses: total 2,310 (211 in Trois-Rivières, 1,460 in Québec, 639 in Montréal).

32,524 arpents (acres) under cultivation, with 994 sheep, 5,147 pigs, 684 horses, 10,209 cattle.

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