LAND AND LANDSCAPE
1. How many provinces and territories are there in Canada?
2. Name the Canadian territory that was created on April 1, 1999.
3. Name the five Great Lakes.
4. Name the largest of the five Great Lakes.
5. What three oceans border Canada?
6. Which river is Canada's longest?
a) The Mackenzie
b) The St. Lawrence
c) The Red
d) The Fraser
7. Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size?
8. Which province has the largest land size?
9. In which province can you find a Provincial Park famous for its deposits of dinosaur bones?
POLITICS AND POLITICIANS
10. In 1864, colonial representatives first met in P.E.I. to discuss the idea of a federal union of all the British North American provinces. What is the name of this famous meeting?
11. Name the original provinces that joined together in Confederation.
12. Name the Scottish immigrant, skilled lawyer and Father of Confederation who became Canada's first prime minister.
13. Which Canadian prime minister sought the advice of his dead mother and dog?
14. What was the name that the prime minister mentioned in question No. 13 gave to all of his dogs?
15. Which of the following provincial politicians could be called "the last father of Confederation"?
a) Lucien Bouchard
b) Mike Harris
c) Joey Smallwood
d) Tommy Douglas
16. When did the "Quiet Revolution" occur in Quebec?
17. Who was the conservative Quebec premier whose hard-line government was a major cause of the 'The Quiet Revolution'?
CITIZENSHIP AND GOVERNMENT
18. Who is Canada's Head of State?
19. The government of Canada is best described as:
a) A representative republic
b) A co-operative association
c) Constitutional monarchy
d) People's Democracy
20. In which year was the Canadian Constitution patriated?
21. What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?
22. Name the constitutional clause that allows the federal or provincial governments to override certain parts of the constitutional document mentioned in question No. 21.
23. Which of the following slogans is best associated with Canada's Constitution?
a) Liberty, equality, fraternity
b) Peace, order and good government
c) Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
24. Name three requirements that a person must meet in order to vote in a federal election.
PEOPLE AND PLACES
25. Which of the following is associated with the first permanent European settlement in what became Canada?
a) Henry Hudson
b) Jacques Cartier
c) Samuel de Champlain
d) Christopher Columbus
26. Name the city that sprung from this first settlement that will be celebrating its 400th anniversary in 2008.
27. What agricultural community, founded by the Earl of Selkirk in 1812, became the first permanent European colony in the Canadian West?
28. The Canadian North was transformed in the late 1890s when some 100,000 prospectors poured into the Yukon hoping to "strike it rich." What name was given to this colourful period in Canadian history?
29. What famous schooner, commemorated on the 10 cent coin, was built in Nova Scotia in 1921?
INDUSTRY AND FINANCE
30. Due to a shortage of coins in New France in the 17th century, settlers used which non-traditional form of currency?
a) Birch bark
b) Playing cards
31. The Hudson's Bay Co. is the world's oldest chartered trading company, having been in business for 336 years. What product gave this company its start?
32. Name the vast stretch of land where the Hudson's Bay Co. had a trading monopoly.
33. What was the French name given to the rugged woodsmen who worked for the Hudson's Bay Co.?
34. What product, made of dried meat and berries, was sold to fur traders for their long voyages into and out of the Canadian interior and became a competitive industry in Canada's West?
35. What automobile company attempted to establish a luxury car production plant in New Brunswick in the 1970s only to abandon the project in bankruptcy with less than 3000 cars ever produced?
c) Massey Ferguson
36. When was the last time that $1 Canadian was equal to $1 American?
37. In what decade of the 20th century were Canadian women first given the right to vote in federal elections?
38. In 1929, the Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council overturned the Supreme Court of Canada and determined that women could hold office as senators. What was the name of this landmark decision?
39. What major historical event brought more than 1,000,000 women into the Canadian workforce?
b) EXPO 67
c) The Second World War
d) Auto Pact
40. In 1992, Roberta Bondar became the first Canadian woman:
a) To play in the National Hockey League
b) To be launched into outer space
c) To win an Oscar for best actress
d) To become president of General Motors of Canada
ARTS AND CULTURE
41. What song is Canada's national anthem?
42. What are the first two lines of the anthem?
43. Who composed our national anthem?
a) Sir John A. Macdonald
b) Calixa Lavalee
c) Robert Charlebois
d) Gordon Lightfoot
44. Which of the following artists are Canadian?
a) Emily Carr
b) Andy Warhol
c) Tom Thomson
d) Jean-Paul Riopelle
e) Norman Rockwell
45. Which of the artists from questions No. 44 inspired the formation of the Canadian art collective, The Group of Seven?
46. Name one of the wars in which Canada was invaded by the United States.
47. What group fled the United States to settle in Canada after the American Revolution?
48. What was the name of the route used by fleeing American slaves to get to Canada?
49. Which American war sped the move toward Confederation?
50. Name the Irish-independence movement whose raids were also an important factor in the move toward Confederation.
51. After the First World War, Canada helped found the League of Nations. What similar body did Canadians help create in the aftermath of the Second World War?
52. Since 1949, Canada, the U.S. and the democracies of Western Europe have belonged to a transatlantic military alliance. What is the name of this multilateral organization?
53. Canada was instrumental in drafting the famous United Nations declaration which sets forth the basic rights and fundamental freedoms of all persons. What is its name?
54. Canadian prime ministers culminating with Brian Mulroney led international opposition to what South African government policy?
55. Recently, Canada played a role in the establishment of what international body for investigating genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes?
56. Which prominent Canadian Supreme Court judge was involved in the international body mentioned in question No. 55?
WAR AND REMEMBRANCE
57. Why was Nov. 11 was chosen as Remembrance Day.
58. Every Nov. 11, Canadians commemorate the service and sacrifice of the nation's veterans. What is the common symbol of Canadian remembrance?
59. In the First World War, a massive ammunition explosion in a Canadian city killed 1,600, injured 9,000 and left thousands more homeless. Where did this occur?
60. Which of the following was Canada's most famous single victory in the First World War that consisted of the capture of a key ridge on the Western Front?
a) Battle of Vichy
b) Battle of Vimy Ridge
c) Battle of Ortona
61. Capt. John McCrae served as a medical officer in the First World War and wrote what is considered to be Canada's most famous war poem. What is it called?
62. The country's worst epidemic, spread by troops returning from service overseas during the Great War, killed 50,000 Canadians. What disease was responsible for the greatest health crisis in Canadian history?
63. Name the Canadian commander at Vimy who later became Canada's 12th Governor General.
64. In 1942, almost 1,000 Canadians lost their lives in a tragic assault on a French seaside town. Name that town.
65. From 1950 to 1953, more than 25,000 Canadian service men and women took part in the Cold War's first major armed conflict. What was the name of this war?
66. To resolve the 1956 Suez Crisis, Lester B. Pearson proposed the creation of a new type of United Nations mandated military force. Used in conflict zones ever since, what are these forces usually called?
CONTROVERSY AND SCANDAL
67. What is the name given to the forcible resettlement by the British government of many of the original French colonists of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island?
68. Name the American state where many of the deportees mentioned in question No. 67 ended up.
69. Name the now-extinct people who once inhabited Newfoundland.
70. After more than a decade of construction and a string of political scandals, what great Canadian engineering feat was completed in 1885 with the hammering of the Last Spike?
71. Which ethnic group had to pay a head tax to gain entrance into Canada?
72. In which year was the head tax mentioned in question No. 71 repealed?
73. National referendums are nothing new in Canada. In 1942, a national plebiscite sparked a fierce debate over military service and national unity. What was this plebiscite about?
74. What was William Lyon Mackenzie King's famous saying about the issue under debate during the 1942 national plebiscite?
75. During the Second World War, thousands of Canadians were forcibly evacuated from the West Coast of Canada because of their ethnic origin. Who were these Canadians?
Source: The Vancouver Sun and the Dominion Institute
Vancouver Sun Canada Day Quiz - Published: Saturday, July 01, 2006
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